• Peter Noack
  • Tabea Kauper
  • Alison E. F. Benbow
  • Katharina Eckstein
Drawing on the exercise and self-esteem model (EXSEM), the current study examined associations between sport activities and aspects of the self-system among adolescent members of sport groups. Youths attending religious groups were included in the study to allow for a test of generalization. Participants were 595 adolescents (sport groups: n = 355, M age = 15.09 years, SD = 1.49, 54.6% female; religious groups: n = 240, M age = 15.67 years, SD = 1.44, 53.8% female) who completed a series of paper and pencil measures detailing their involvement in sport activities (sport group only), their self-efficacy beliefs in the physical domain, perceived sport competence and attractiveness, as well as global self-esteem. A structural model was tested for sport youth, specifying an effect of sport activities on self-efficacy that, in turn, was expected to predict subjective sport competence and attractiveness. Finally, the model postulated effects of competence and attractiveness on self-esteem. The model test revealed a good fit. Multi-group models considering type of leisure group and sex pointed to parallel patterns in the associations of self-efficacy, competence, attractiveness, and self-esteem in the subgroups.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Developmental Psychology
Pages (from-to)663-675
StatePublished - 2013

    Research areas

  • Competitions/out of school learning - physical self-concept, adolescence, sport groups, religious groups, EXSEM model

ID: 11672