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DOI

  • Steffani Saß
  • Kerstin Schütte
  • Marlit Annalena Lindner
The study focuses on integration aids (i.e., signals) and their effect on how students process different types of graphical representations (representational pictures vs. organizational pictures vs. diagrams) in standardized multiple-choice items assessing science achievement. Based on text-picture integration theories each type of pictorial representation hold different cognitive requirements concerning integration processes of two representations. Further, depending on type of representation not every picture is needed to answer an item correctly.
Students from fifth sixth grade (N = 60) work through 12 multiple-choice items while their eye movements were recorded. Results showed that students achieved higher test scores when items were presented in an integrated format than in a non-integrated format, however, this was only true for diagrams. Eye movement data revealed that students looked longer on the graphical representations in items presented in the integrated format condition compared to the non-integrated format condition. Furthermore, relations between looking at the diagrams and achievement in the integrated format emerged.
Original languageEnglish
JournalComputers & Education
Volume109
IssueJune 2017
Pages (from-to)85-97
Number of pages13
ISSN0360-1315
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

    Research areas

  • Methodological research and development - Text-picture integration, Signals, Graphical representations, Eye-tracking

ID: 718234