Participants of the German Biology (IBO), Chemistry (IChO) and Physics (IPhO) Olympiads associate science with male attributes. This “science = male” association is strongest among IPhO participants, and weakest in the IBO, and could – according to the expectancy-value theory –, have a negative impact on girls’ motivation and achievements. Accordingly, our study shows that male IChO and IPhO participants have higher subject-specific self-concept than females. In the IBO, no gender difference regarding self-concept was found, but girls outperformed boys. In the IChO, boys performed better than girls, whereas the IPhO showed no gender differences in performance. Female participation rates in the IBO, IChO, and IPhO were 67, 47, and 27 percent, respectively. Hence, “science = male” associations could explain girls’ low self-concepts and low achievements in the IChO. In the IPhO, typically high-achieving girls with high self-concepts seem to participate. Thus, our study might partly explain gender differences in participation rates, self-concepts, and achievements in science Olympiads.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNaturwissenschaftliche Bildung als Grundlage für berufliche und gesellschaftliche Teilhabe : Gesellschaft für Didaktik der Chemie und Physik Jahrestagung in Kiel 2018
EditorsChristian Maurer
Number of pages4
PublisherUniversität Regensburg
Publication date02.2019
Publication statusPublished - 02.2019
EventGDCP-Jahrestagung 2018: Naturwissenschaftliche Bildung als Grundlage für berufliche und gesellschaftliche Teilhabe - Leibniz-Institut für die Pädagogik der Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik (IPN), Kiel, Germany
Duration: 17.09.201820.09.2018
Conference number: 45
No renderer: handleNetPortal,dk.atira.pure.api.shared.model.researchoutput.ContributionToBookAnthology

ID: 923561